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Gospel Village Habitat for Humanity Historic District RIO
North South Other About Map Preservation Week
In addition to the designated historic district, Roswell contains several
other historically and architecturally significant buildings throughout the city.
Following is a brief description of some of these other important buildings.
Carnegie Library - 123 W. Third - This building demonstrates how historic
structures can serve contemporary purposes with minimal remodeling. Although the building
still bears the name Carnegie Library and has a book return slot in the front facade, the
Roswell Public Library has been located at Fourth and Pennsylvania since 1978. This
building now houses various business enterprises of the Murphy family. A discreet brass
plaque on the left door column identifies the building as Centaur Royalty Corporation.
Old Conoco Station/Hispano Chamber of Commerce, 412 N. Main - Visitors
Saunders-Crosby House/Red Cross - 200 E. Deming - This house is now the
offices of the Roswell Red Cross. It represents perhaps the finest example of Queen Anne
style in Roswell. Significant features are the two story hexagonal cupola and the
complimentary hexagonal covered porch. The home was built in 1905 by C.C. Emerson, a local
banker. In 1965 the house was donated to the National Red Cross by Mrs. Ruby Saunders
Chaves County Court House - 400 N. Main - This Neo-Classic style
structure is the oldest continually used public building in Roswell. I.H. and W.M. Rapp of
Trinidad, Colorado, served as design architects preparing the building plans and
specifications. Lucius Dill was the supervising architect and Lyon and Axtell were the
contractors. The courthouse was built in 1910-1911 and dedicated just in time for the
celebration of New Mexico's entry into the Union as the forty-seventh state in 1912.
Significant architectural features of the courthouse are the green tiled dome, carved
trim, and massive entry doors. The interior of the courthouse has been recently restored
and features the original Greek key design tile floors, ornate plasterwork, and brass
chandeliers. The courthouse is open from 8:00 am to 5:00 pm, Monday through Friday, except
Chihuahuita Historic District - East Tilden, Alameda, and Walnut Blocks
Numbered 700 and South Mulberry and Elm Blocks Numbered 100 - Chihuahuita is on the New
Mexico Register of Cultural Properties as a rare example of original Hispanic settlement
architecture in New Mexico. The barrio of Chihuahua was founded before Roswell was
developed and mention of an Hispanic settlement on the Rio Hondo in 1867 most likely
refers to this neighborhood. For additional information on Chihuahuita, please consult
Treasures of History: Historic Buildings in Chaves County, 1870-1935 available at the
Historical Society for Southeast New Mexico.
South Spring Ranch - Old Dexter Highway - This was the headquarters for
John Chisum's Jingle Bob Ranch from 1874 to 1884. The ranch was purchased by J.J. Hagerman
in 1892. Most of the buildings on the ranch today were built by Hagerman around the turn
of the century.
New Mexico Military Institute - Main and College - NMMI is listed on the
National Register of Historic Places as an individual historic district. The school was
founded in 1890 as the Goss Military Institute. Adopted by the Territory of New Mexico in
1893, it was renamed New Mexico Military Institute. In 1898 the school moved to its
present location, a forty acre tract donated by J.J. Hagerman. In 1907, I.H. and W.M. Rapp
of Trinidad, Colorado, developed a master plan for the construction of the school which is
still followed today. The style is known as Scottish Castle or Military Gothic and
features Kansas buff brick, crenelated parapets, corner towers, and decorative brick